Cutting Emissions from Transportation

The transportation sector is the second largest source of U.S. GHG emissions, responsible for 28% of emissions nationally, and nearly 40% in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states. Transportation fuels, notably gasoline and diesel, must be priced in a way that reflects the cost of these emissions, either through a carbon tax or the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), which currently regulates power plant emissions.

Acadia Center is working to change policies so they account for the full lifecycle of the greenhouse gas emissions fuels produce. Gasoline refined from tar sands, for example, has very high extraction emissions. Several different policies could address these upstream emissions, such as the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) program in California. The LCFS sets targets for lowering the lifecycle carbon intensity of fuels and allows the market to determine the most cost-effective fuels and strategies for achieving those targets. A good initial step would be to require tracking and reporting by oil importers and wholesalers to allow states to determine how their fuel supplies are changing and what the best policy answer is.

Electrification

Acadia Center is also advancing solutions to help reduce the upfront cost of electric vehicles (EVs), build out charging infrastructure and educate consumers on the benefits of EVs. It is possible to dramatically increase the adoption of EVs over the next few years.

Electrification of the vehicle fleet is one of the key pathways to cleaning up the transportation sector. Switching from a traditional car burning gasoline to a fully electric vehicle can reduce GHG emissions by 60% in the Northeast. As cleaner sources power the electric grid, these benefits will increase. In addition, vehicles running on electricity don’t emit any of the local pollutants that come from gas engines.

EVs save money, too. Switching from gasoline to electricity can cut per-mile costs significantly and allow consumers to spend more of their hard-earned dollars in local economies. Time-of-use rates will allow EV owners to save even more money by charging at night when the cost of generating electricity is low.

To seize the opportunity of EVs, the top priorities are to explore and address potential impacts on the power grid and maximize the ability of EVs to serve as a grid resource.

 

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    Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Status Report Part II: Achieving Climate Commitments

    Since the initial development of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), participating states have been climate leaders time and time again. Building on this legacy, RGGI states must now determine the program’s next chapter. As the 2016 RGGI Program Review commences, this report describes the reforms RGGI states should make to achieve both state and federal climate requirements while continuing to generate benefits for the region.

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    Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Status Report Part I: Measuring Success

    Part I of the RGGI Status Report focuses on key trends since RGGI’s launch, including electric sector drivers, economic impacts, and the status of the RGGI market. The report demonstrates RGGI’s success in reducing emissions, fostering a clean energy transition, and supporting regional economic growth. Part II of this report will explain how reforms considered in the 2016 Program Review can solidify RGGI’s role in achieving state-level climate commitments and encourage development of effective carbon policy under EPA’s Clean Power Plan.

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    Technical Summary of Proposals Regarding Net Metering in New York

    This document summarizes the proposals and key concepts for valuing distributed energy resources (DER) submitted by twenty-five parties and groups of parties in Case 15-E-0751, initiated by the New York Public Service Commission (NY PSC). In April 2014, the NY PSC announced the beginning of a set of ambitious regulatory proceedings called Reforming the Energy Vision (“REV”) to comprehensively examine the State’s energy policies and regulatory frameworks. Six policy objectives were set for this proceeding: enhanced customer knowledge and tools that will support effective management of their total energy bill; market animation and leverage of ratepayer contributions; system wide efficiency; fuel and resource diversity; system reliability and resiliency; and reduction of carbon emissions. Case 15-E-0751 was initiated to develop an “interim methodology” for valuing DER through electricity rates as well as a longer term process for establishing a full value of DER.

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