Cutting Emissions from Transportation

The transportation sector is the second largest source of U.S. GHG emissions, responsible for 28% of emissions nationally, and nearly 40% in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states. Transportation fuels, notably gasoline and diesel, must be priced in a way that reflects the cost of these emissions, either through a carbon tax or the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), which currently regulates power plant emissions.

Acadia Center is working to change policies so they account for the full lifecycle of the greenhouse gas emissions fuels produce. Gasoline refined from tar sands, for example, has very high extraction emissions. Several different policies could address these upstream emissions, such as the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) program in California. The LCFS sets targets for lowering the lifecycle carbon intensity of fuels and allows the market to determine the most cost-effective fuels and strategies for achieving those targets. A good initial step would be to require tracking and reporting by oil importers and wholesalers to allow states to determine how their fuel supplies are changing and what the best policy answer is.

Electrification

Acadia Center is also advancing solutions to help reduce the upfront cost of electric vehicles (EVs), build out charging infrastructure and educate consumers on the benefits of EVs. It is possible to dramatically increase the adoption of EVs over the next few years.

Electrification of the vehicle fleet is one of the key pathways to cleaning up the transportation sector. Switching from a traditional car burning gasoline to a fully electric vehicle can reduce GHG emissions by 60% in the Northeast. As cleaner sources power the electric grid, these benefits will increase. In addition, vehicles running on electricity don’t emit any of the local pollutants that come from gas engines.

EVs save money, too. Switching from gasoline to electricity can cut per-mile costs significantly and allow consumers to spend more of their hard-earned dollars in local economies. Time-of-use rates will allow EV owners to save even more money by charging at night when the cost of generating electricity is low.

To seize the opportunity of EVs, the top priorities are to explore and address potential impacts on the power grid and maximize the ability of EVs to serve as a grid resource.

 

  • Acadia Center 2019 Massachusetts Legislative Priorities

    Over the past two legislative sessions, the Commonwealth has made big strides to clean up the electric sector, including the large-scale procurement of offshore wind and clean energy. However, there are many more opportunities to safeguard the climate and public health while growing the economy, protecting consumers, and improving equity, notably in transportation, heating and cooling, and grid modernization. This document lays out Acadia Center’s priority bills in Massachusetts for the 2019-2020 legislative session.

  • Investing in Modern Transportation: Benefits for Massachusetts

    Massachusetts’ transportation system is due for an upgrade. Outdated infrastructure, congested roads, and polluted air are a drag on the economy. Massachusetts’ residents and businesses deserve transportation options that will help them thrive, and the Commonwealth can achieve that goal by focusing on the actions outlined in this report.

  • Building a Stronger Maine: Forum Presentations

    Acadia Center is excited to pass along some of the resources and information shared at the Building a Stronger Maine forum on clean energy and transportation opportunities for the state. See the links below for slides from forum speakers, including Kathleen Meil (Acadia Center), Beth Ahearn (Maine Conservation Alliance), Sharon Klein (School of Economics, University of Maine), Ruth Kermish-Allen (Maine Mathematics and Science Alliance), and Emily Lewis (Acadia Center).

  • View all related resources